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Η νέα ρωσική εξωτερική πολιτική..

By Δέφτερη Ανάγνωση

Το πιο κάτω απόσπασμα από ένα Ρώσο ακαδημαϊκό, για την νέα πολιτική της Ρωσίας απέναντι στην Δύση αξίζει να θκιεβαστεί για να κατανοηθεί το νέο πλαίσιο κινήσεων της Ρωσίας.

Δεν αφορά μόνο το θέμα της Ουκρανίας αλλά τζαι μια συνολική αλλαγή. Η Ρωσία δεν αρκείται πια στην επίκληση αρχών, που έτσι τζαι αλλιώς αγνοούνται από την Δύση με απλές υποσχέσεις. Η Ρωσία θέλει να δημιουργήσει ένα νέο πλαίσιο όπου θα αναγνωρίζεται σαν ενα ισότιμο μέλος των συζητήσεων στον γεωπολιτικό της χώρο – αντί σαν παρίας που θα του πετούν ένα κοκκαλάκι υποσχέσεων, σε ένα σύστημα όπου η Δύση θα καθορίζει με ένα δικό της ιδεολογικό πλαίσιο την πραγματικότητα. Η Ρωσία κινείται πέρα από την μεταβατική περίοδο του μεταψυχροπολεμικού κόσμου..

«It seems like Russia has entered a new era of its foreign policy – a ‘constructive destruction’, let’s call it, of the previous model of relations with the West. Parts of this new way of thinking have been seen over the last 15 years – starting with Vladimir Putin’s famous Munich speech in 2007 – but much is only just becoming clear now. At the same time, lackluster efforts to integrate into the western system, while maintaining a doggedly defensive attitude, has remained the general trend in Russia’s politics and rhetoric.

Constructive destruction is not aggressive. Russia maintains it isn’t going to attack anyone or blow them up. It simply doesn’t need to. The outside world provides Russia with more and more geopolitical opportunities for medium-term development as it is. With one big exception. NATO’s expansion and formal or informal inclusion of Ukraine poses a risk to the country’s security that Moscow simply won’t accept.

For now, the West is on course to a slow but inevitable decay, both in terms of internal and external affairs and even the economy. And this is precisely why it has started this new Cold War after almost five hundred years of domination in world politics, the economy, and culture. Especially after its decisive victory in the 1990s to mid-2000s. I believe it will most likely lose, stepping down as the global leader and becoming a more reasonable partner. And not a moment too soon: Russia will need to balance relations with a friendly, but increasingly more powerful China.

Presently, the West desperately tries to defend against this with aggressive rhetoric. It tries to consolidate, playing its last trump cards to reverse this trend. One of those is trying to use Ukraine to damage and neuter Russia. It’s important to prevent these convulsive attempts from transforming into a full-fledged standoff and to counter the current US and NATO policies. They are counterproductive and dangerous, though relatively undemanding for the initiators. We are yet to convince the West that it is only hurting itself.»

By Professor Sergey Karaganov, honorary chairman of Russia’s Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, and academic supervisor at the School of International Economics and Foreign Affairs Higher School of Economics (HSE) in Moscow